Cisco acquired a company named ScanSafe in 2009 to provide cloud based web proxy services and this service was renamed to Cisco Cloud Web Security (CWS). Cloud Web Security offers an alternative to on premise proxy services by hosting proxy services in data centers around the world. There is a single management portal where an administrator can create policies and run reports. Once a policy is created it is available across all the proxy servers around the world which greatly decreases the burden of creating consistent policies.
There are a variety of ways to leverage CWS including:
- Cisco AnyConnect
- Connectors for Cisco ISR G2 routers (1900, 2900, and 3900 series)
- Connectors for Cisco ISR 4000 routers (4300, 4400 series)
- Connector for Cisco ASA firewalls
- Integration with the on premise Web Security Appliance (WSA)
- Direct integration via client proxy configuration (point your operating system to the CWS proxy)
The connectors for the routers and firewalls offer transparent redirection which makes deployment very straightforward. The integration with AnyConnect provides a very simply solution for securing internet access for users when they are outside of the corporate network without requiring all internet traffic to be backhauled.
More information on the service can be found here http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/security/cloud-web-security/index.html and information on the current proxy locations is available here http://servicestatus.sco.cisco.com/status
Wireshark is the de facto packet analysis tool and it comes with a wealth of options beyond what is included in a default installation. One option I discovered recently was to leverage the free version of the MaxMind geolocation database to enhance the visibility of packet data within Wireshark to include BGP AS assignment information, cities, and countries. This allows you to create filters based on this geolocation data which can be incredibly useful to quickly include or exclude interesting traffic based upon country or origin for example.
The complete setup guide can be found here.
In the course of operating a network there are countless times when it’s incredibly useful to be able to generate very specific types of network traffic. Some examples I’ve personally encountered are:
- QoS troubleshooting (the ability to generate DSCP or CoS tagged packets)
- Reproducing specific traffic for troubleshooting purposes
- Validating access lists and security policies
- Testing how applications respond to unique traffic
A fantastic tool to accomplish these tasks, amongst many others, is Ostinato. Ostinato is cross-platform with API support so you can integrate it with existing tools and processes. In addition to browsing the web site I would highly recommend listening to the Packet Pushers Priority Queue episode 52. In this episode host Ethan Banks talks to one of the creators of Ostinato provides and provides great overview of the tool as well as how to put it to use.
Here’s a way I came up with to think about the differences between the different “as a service” offerings.
IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) is like renting a kitchen full of ingredients and utensils
PaaS (Platform as a Service) is like buying an undecorated cake…you can do whatever you want with it, but you start with cake, it can’t become meatloaf or pancakes or anything else you could normally make in a kitchen
SaaS (Software as a Service) is like catering…you get the cake you want with some customizations delivered to you
IaaS is the most flexible and requires the most work
PaaS is in the middle between flexibility and effort
SaaS is the most rigid and requires the least effort
Traceroute is an indispensable and frequently used troubleshooting tool. It seems incredibly simple and straightforward, but there are some slightly more subtle details that many people are not aware of. This presentation from NANOG 45 is a great overview of traceroute in general as well as how the results can be misinterpreted.
There are times when it’s incredibly convenient to be able to stand up an FTP server without the need to actually install anything or reboot. I came across Xlight FTP for Windows and was pleasantly surprised to find that it didn’t require any installation and worked well with very little setup or configuration required. You basically double click the application and bind the FTP service to an IP address and TCP port and then you add a user account and assign directory permissions. Once done you click the “play” button and the server should start up.
Here’s a link to their page: http://www.xlightftpd.com/
They offer 32-bit and 64-bit versions as well as a “traditional” installer based version.
A brief history lesson:
Prior to the announcement from Cisco of “Universal Access Points” you had to select an access point based on which regulatory domain it would operate within. Regulatory domains are simply places in the world with certain laws and regulations pertaining to radio frequency devices (mobile phones, radios, access points, etc.). In the world of Cisco this meant that an access point for use in Germany would have a different part number than one used in the United States. This led to much frustration and confusion.
The good stuff:
Cisco has announced Universal AP’s which are a single part number per access point model (2700, 3700, etc.) rather than the myriad of part numbers aligned to each and every regulatory domain. The details on how this works can be found in the following blog post.
Need a simple, easy way to check if a piece of Cisco hardware is covered under warranty or SMARTnet? Look no further than this useful site: https://cway.cisco.com/sncheck
You will need to login using your Cisco.com (CCO) username and password, but then you can check on coverage for ANY serial number. If the serial number is covered under a contract associated with your CCO account then you will see additional details including coverage end date and coverage level.
TranslatorX is an indispensable tool for parsing Cisco Unified Communications Manager (CallManager) as well as Cisco CUBE logs and trace files. Check it out here: http://translatorx.cisco.com/
Twilio offers a wide range of services from API’s that integrate with your applications to SIP trunking services and phone numbers. I first discovered Twilio as I was looking for an easy to use API that offered two-way SMS/text messaging services. The fact that Twilio not only offers that services, but also can provide local phone numbers in a huge number of areas across the United States made their service all the more attractive.
I would highly recommend taking a look at Twilio should you need to integrated voice/SMS/VoIP services with your applications.